India has not one language issue bit an unpredictable of language issues. As indicated by the phonetic overview of India, there are 179 languages and 544 lingos, and epilogists order them into four unique family aggregates Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, Austro-Asiatic and Tibet-Chinese. On the other hand, the semantic scene is convoluted on the grounds that a language bunch does not by and large correspondence identifiable and separation religious group. For instance, Bengali is the language of the Hindu, Muslims and Christians much the same in Bengal. For the most part, it has been said, these gatherings have indistinguishable etymological diversions in positive ranges notwithstanding their religious contrasts. That this is not generally genuine is brought out significantly by the illustration of Punjabi which is progressively related to Sikhs and Punjabi Hindus are setting off to the degree of revoking the language they have brew skies of Hindus who were utilizing it prior, and still talk a language which is neighbourhood and territorial political contemplations and chronicled encounters additionally condition people groups reactions to the language issue and a lot of bitingness exists, concerning case in Assam on the inquiry of Bengali and in Belgium in Karnataka on the utilization of Marathi.
Read : Political Problems in India
Current Scenario in India
The Constitution of India perceives twenty one "authority" local languages and Hindi as the 'national authority' language. Furthermore, English is utilized as a "connection" language for correspondence in the middle of Hindi and non-Hindi states. A part of the language issue in India is that no language issue in India is that no language is talked by a flat out lion's share of the individuals and even Hindi, the most broadly talked language-regardless of the possibility that one dismisses its different lingos – is utilized by one around 40.42% of the aggregate populace of India. This, at the national level, there is no semantic lion's share or minority in the arithmetical sense. Then again, the picture is distinctive in the different states. In just about each one state, there are a few islands of semantic minorities, the political stages and mixes rising up out of which are enormous. Accordingly, to clarify the term' etymological minorities', the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities says, "Semantic minorities will be minorities living in the region of India, or any part thereof, having an unique language or script of their own. The languages of minority gathering need boot be one of the (22 'authority') languages.
Why this problem is arising in India
At the end of the day, a 'semantic minority' at the state level means any gathering of individuals whose native language is unique in relation to the key language of gage of the locale or the discussion." That the issue is wide and complex is obviously apparent from these definitional authorities, yet the real level of multifaceted nature is very nearly impossible. The issue was looked to be disentangled to a degree through the formation of phonetic states. This undertaking was depended to the states Reorganization Commission which was delegated in 1953 and which submitted its report in 1955. On the premise of its report, numerous limits were redrawn on etymological premise and various unilingual states were cut out. Then again, this operation couldn't fathom the intensity of the semantic issue. It cleared out basically the entire of north-eastern India untouched and it obliged grisly fomentations and some of the time even war like circumstances for the composite Assam to be separated up into no short of what seven states and union regions. That being said, the way that the Bengali-larger part area of Catcher still structures a piece of Assam keeps the issue alive.
Read : Maoist Problem in India
Best Solution to look forward
In Mumbai territory, in spite of the fact that the issues were much more straightforward, again a disturbance must be done to attain the division of the area into Gujarat and Maharashtra on semantic premise. Indeed there, the issue of a Marathi-talking zone, Belgium, being left in Karnataka instead of being blended into Maharashtra still annoys. Furthermore in different parts of the nation as well, regardless of the endeavours of the State Reorganization Omission, there are still "limit" question and different issues identifying with etymological issues. A significant encounter on the language issue, be that as it may, did not concern etymological minorities inside diverse states however the issue of the statement of Hindi as the 'National Official' language. This moved feeling in different locales and especially in Tamil Nadu and West Bengal, there were language fomentations. In Chennai, there was even savagery till the affirmation was given those tumults. In madras, there was even brutality till the confirmation was given that Hindi would not be forced on the state and that English would keep on being utilized as a "connection" language for an unspecified time later on. A part of this against Hindi in Tamil Nadu was that it was headed by gatherings which asserted to speak to the etymologically, socially and ethnically different "Dravidian" individuals and whatever be the experimental legitimacy of their cases and premises, they picked up such popularities that since 1967, one or the other of the David Monetary Kasha's (Dravidian individuals' Party) has consistently honey bee voted to power in the stat.
More Problems of India–
● Major Problems of India
● Parking Problems in India
● Food Problems in India
● Burning Problems of India
● Common Health Problems in India
● Inflation Problems in India
● Child Labour Problems in India
● Gender Problems in India