Education Problems in India have been in existence for quite some time now and these continue to pursue the concerned. India has reached astounding attainment in economic sector and this has brought a lot of changes in the education sector. But these changes have not proved to be sufficient to solve the ever -existent and ever -changing Education Issues in India. The problems of education system in India are of grave concern and this concern has not been disregarded. The quota for education has been increasing over the years. During March 2011, Pranab Mukherjee, finance minister of India (2011) declared a meaty increase of 24% towards the education sector. It is yet noticeable if this is sufficient enough. Increase in budget allocation is not new but what do not grow are the effects of these efforts, which have been far too less than in contrast to the western counterparts. India today is the Second Largest Higher Education Network in the World. There are 343 Universities and 17000 Colleges which are increasing in number every year. A country with over 1 Billion population has just one third population which can read. India accounts for World’s 30% literates. The literacy rate of India as per 2001 Population Census is 65.38%, with male literacy rate at 75.96% and female at 54.28%. So what is wrong and where is it wrong?
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Current Scenario in India
The existing education system in India has come a long way and the age old traditions have undergone a new makeover. Government of India is doing lots of efforts in this field so that the objective of inclusive growth can be achieved right away by it. A great procurement of the Indian government is a big jump in the literacy rate from 18.3% in 1950-51 to 74.04% in 2010-11. Such an achievement is the outcome of a lot of efforts by the Indian government in the education sector. The government is enhancing the country’s education status to improve the standard of living of the people and also to achieve other goals like, overcoming the problem of poverty and unemployment, equal income distribution, social equality, etc. Education contributes to the one’s well-being as well as the overall development of the country. Education is not only a device of enhancing efficiency but is also an effective tool of widening and augmenting democratic participation and upgrading the overall quality of individual and societal life (Goel, 2008). Thus, the importance of education can’t be ignored. Haryana has seen a tremendous change in last few decades. Government has done a lot so that more and more children can have access to the education. When compared with its neighbouring states and India as a whole, Haryana has shown a mixed vision. In some areas, it has outperformed India and other states while ii has also lagged behind them in certain areas which will be clearer from the following comparative tables, based on different indicators of education system.
Why this problem is arising
• Teachers Themselves are Not Efficient and Trained
In a report published in 2013, India is facing a shortage of nearly 1.4 million teachers. Almost 20% of all teachers appointed in the country do not fulfill the norms set by National Council for Teachers’ Education. The teachers do not have proper training to impart values in children that are going to change the future of the country. If they can teach accurately then the government does not have enough wages to pay. Hence, to enhance our education system teachers should be better trained and predominantly better paid. You cannot imagine a country without admiring teachers.
• Language Medium of our Education System
This is also a big problem that needs to be tackled. We are not able to decide on the medium of language of our education system. The state level education systems are mainly in regional languages, while schools/institutes affiliated to central boards give emphasis on English. This discrimination in the education system hampers many students at various stages of life.
• Missing Creation and Innovation
If we talk about the privileged children in India then even they are not able to innovate and create new things. However they have everything that a child need but still they lack proper guidance or a trained mentor. They are simply aping western culture and not being able to do something new. Hence, this is yet another fundamental problem with our education system.
• Gross Failure of Our Education System to End Social Disparity
Nearly 7 million kids in the age of 6 to 14 are still not in school. After so many years it has not being able to reduce social disparity in our country. In fact, it has gone up. It is such a disgrace that education itself has become a cause of divisions. A child from a rich family would get good education and a child from poor background cannot afford even a basic education. Government should intervene and make education its prime responsibility.
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Best Solutions to look forward
• Towards a knowledge grasping Society- As we move towards a qualified society, each and every human activity will require contributions from experts. This will place the whole sector of higher education in center focus. Even when the priorities that are being assigned today to the task of Education for All continues to be the preponderant. The country will have to get ready itself to spend more and more on higher education and, simultaneously, measures will have to be refined, diversifying and upgrading higher education and research programmers.
• Industry and Academia Connection- Industry and Academia connect necessary to ensure curriculum and skills in line with necessary requirements. Building of various skills is real crucial to make sure if the employing ability of academia to understand and make sure good jobs (keeping in view knowledge + skills+ global professional skills = good jobs).
• Incentives to Teachers and Researchers- Industry and students are expecting specialized courses to be offered so that they get the latest and best in education and they are also industry ready. Vocational and Diploma courses had to be made more enthusiastic to facilitate specialized programs being offered to students. Incentives should be provided to teachers and researchers to make these professions more grasping for the present and coming generations.
• Innovative Practices- The new technologies offer vast opportunities for progress in all walks of life. It offers opportunities for economic growth, improved learning and socio-cultural advances. Efforts are required to improve the country’s innovation but even the efforts should be to build on the existing strengths in light of new understanding of the research innovation- growth linkage.
More Problems of India–
● Energy Problems and Solutions in India
● Economic Problems in India
● Ecological Problems in India
● Agricultural Problems in India
● Electricity Problems in India
● Major Problems of India
● Parking Problems in India
● Food Problems in India